Neatsfoot oil is a yellow oil rendered and purified from the feet and shin bones (not the hooves) of cattle. It is used as a conditioning, softening and preservative for leather, and remains liquid down to a low temperature.

Neatsfoot oil is produced much less than it once was. Currently, the shins and feet of cattle are usually rendered along with the rest of the body. Also, many products sold as neatsfoot oil are actually diluted with petroleum oil, which is bad for leather.

The best quality neatsfoot oil comes from the legs of calves. The fat in animals' legs generally has a lower melting point than the body fat which means that it is more fluid and easier to use at lower temperatures making it more effective for treating leather.

'Neat' in the oil's name comes from an old term for animals of the genus Bos, especially cattle.

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Neatsfoot oil obtained by boiling in water the shin bones and feet (deprived of hoofs) of cattle and separating the oil from the fat.
Unit of Measure

Specifications

Specific Gravity Range at 25ºC According to United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Method

N/A 0.003 to 0.916

Iodine Value Range According to United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Test Method

N/A 75 to 85

Maximum Free Fatty Acid Value According to American Oil Chemists Society (AOCS) Ca 5a-40 Test Method

N/A 1 %

Saponification Value Range According to United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Test Method

N/A 194 to 200

Maximum Cold Test Value According to American Oil Chemists Society (AOCS) Cc 11-53 Test Method

N/A 20 ºF

Maximum Color Gardner According to American Oil Chemists Society (AOCS) Td la-64 Test Method

N/A ≥6

Appearance

N/A Pale yellow oily liquid

Odor

N/A Characteristic
Peculiar

Footnote

N/A Because of natural variations in raw materials, chemical and physical constants cannot be guaranteed at all times.